ESOPHAGEAL CANCER

Cancer cells when start spreading in the esophagus leads to the condition Esophageal cancer. It is through esophagus that food you intake is passed into the stomach.Men and elderly people are at a higher risk of the developing this condition. This condition can be diagnosed with the help of X-ray or certain blood tests. Starting at the inner layer, the cancer can spread to the other layers of the esophagus along with other body parts. Some of the symptoms of esophageal cancer are as follows:
* Indigestion or heartburn
* Difficulty in swallowing
* Drastic weight loss
* Choking of food
* Vomiting
* Frequent coughing
Two main types of esophageal cancer are there. One is squamous cell carcinoma that which lines the inner esophagus. The other one is adenocarcinoma which develops from gland cells. Certain factors are responsible for doubling up the risk of esophageal cancer. They are:
* Smoking
* Heavy drinking
* Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
* Barrett’s esophagus
Men and elderly people are at a higher risk of the developing this condition. This condition can be diagnosed with the help of X-ray or certain blood tests. Certain tests are there to detect esophageal cancer such as: Endoscopy, Barium swallow X-ray, biopsy, CT scans, thoracoscopy, positron emission tomography (PET) and laparoscopy.
If caught at an early stage, it can be cured completely, but, generally one gets to know about this condition only when it has reached an advanced level. The treatment is prescribed after diagnosing the stage of cancer.
* Surgery- in it, a portion or whole of the esophagus is removed.
* In Radiation therapy, cancer cells are killed through radiation.
* Powerful drugs are used in Chemotherapy in order to kill cancerous cells.
* Electrocoagulation makes use of electric current to destroy cancer cells.
* Photodynamic therapy with the help of a special laser light, targets early cancer cells.
If you are looking for a best esophageal cancer doctor in Noida, contact us.

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